Tarihin Fitilar Haske, Bari A Samu Haske da ƙari

A cikin labarin mai zuwa za mu san komai game da Tarihin Hasken Haske, wani abu mai ban mamaki wanda ya yi nasarar ba da haske a wurare masu duhu, musamman a gidaje da wuraren da mutane ke taruwa. Gano Ina da yawa.

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Tarihin Hasken Haske

Har ma an gwada shi da nau'ikan filaments na ƙarfe na ƙarfe daban-daban, har ma da wasu waɗanda asalin kayan lambu ne, kamar yadda lamarin ya faru. auduga ko na fiber bamboo carbonized kuma an rufe shi ta hanyar hermetically a ƙarƙashin vacuum a cikin duniyar gilashi, yana samun haɗin kai ta hanyar kusan wayoyi 2 na platinum.

A amfani rayuwa na dukan waɗanda kwararan fitila ya ɗan ephemeral, wato, sun kawai dade 'yan sa'o'i ɗari, da kuma matalauta yi shi ne abin da ya ba sosai kadan haske da kuma, haka ma, shi ba za a iya ci gaba da akai, amma a maimakon haka flickered da zaran. tsananin ya ragu.

Babban rashin jin daɗi wanda da yawa daga cikin masu ƙirƙirar kwan fitilar lantarki suka yi tuntuɓe, daga cikinsu Thomas Alva Edison kuma Joseph Wilson Swan, shine duka biyu sunyi ƙoƙarin hana filaments daga narkewa saboda zafi. A cikin shekara ta 1883 an yi ƙoƙarin yin amfani da filaments da aka tsara tare da wani nau'in maganin cellulose.

A lokacin shekara ta 1905, wani abu na Karfe Carbon cewa yana da ikon iya jure yanayin zafi mai zafi kuma a lokaci guda yana iya samar da wani nau'in haske wanda ya yarda da masu ƙirƙira, wanda ke cikin kewayon Lumen hudu a kowace Watt.

Koyaya, aikinsa shima yayi ƙasa kuma tsawon lokacin kwan fitila ya kasance kadan. Mahimmin bayani shine wanda zan iya samu a cikin amfani da filament na ƙarfe waɗanda suka kasance Osmium na farko sannan kuma Tantalite. Domin shekara ta 1909 an daidaita kwan fitila da abin da ake kira filament tungsten.

Fitilar fitila ta farko ta zo da hannu, wanda shine dalilin da ya sa ya kasance nau'in samfura mai ɗan tsada. A halin yanzu ana kera su a jeri ta hanyar injuna masu sarrafa kansu waɗanda ke sarrafa dubban kwararan fitila a cikin awa ɗaya.

Gaskiya mai ban sha'awa ita ce, akwai nau'in kwan fitila da ke kunne sama da shekaru 115. Yana aiki ba tare da kowane irin katsewa ba tun 1901 kuma yana cikin tashar kashe gobara a yankunan Californiaa cikin Amurka ta Amurka. Gano komai game da Tarihin injin wanki.

Wanene ya ƙirƙira kwan fitila?

An yi la'akari da Hasken Haske ɗaya daga cikin manyan Ƙirƙirar Fasaha a Tarihi, duk da haka, a cikin Tarihin Hasken Haske za ku iya yin mamaki, Babban ra'ayin wane ne? Ko kuma za ku iya tambaya, Wanene Ya Ƙirƙirar Kwan fitila? Kuma gaskiyar ita ce har yau ana ci gaba da zama babbar cece-kuce.

Daidai ranar 21 ga Oktoba, 1879. Thomas Alva Edison shi ne wanda ya zo nuna kiran a farkon Lantarki fitila wanda aka yi da kwan fitila wanda aka kunna na tsawon awanni 48.

A jajibirin sabuwar shekara ta wannan shekarar. Edison ya zo ya gabatar a kansa dakin gwaje-gwaje located a cikin yankunan na New Jersey wani da'irar da ta kunshi kusan fitulun fitulu guda 40, fitulun fitulun da shi da kansa ya kunna ya kashe, wanda hakan ya kasance cikakkiyar muzahara ta sama da mutane dubu 3 da suka taru a wurin, kuma a cikin wata 1 kacal. Thomas Alva Edison yana gudanar da samun haƙƙin mallaka na Hasken Haske a ƙarƙashin lamba 223.898.

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Duk da haka, rikici ya tashi ne a lokacin da sauran masu ƙirƙira, kamar yadda ya faru Yusuf swan, Humphry Davy o Henry Woodward gudanar da nuna cewa sun kuma yi nasarar ƙirƙirar wani nau'in kwan fitila tun kafin na Edison.

Wani mutum ya kira Humphry Davy shi ne mutumin da ya sami damar haɗawa a cikin 1809 wani nau'in filament na carbon zuwa sandunan baturi 2, yana sarrafa samar da haske. Bayan 'yan shekaru, musamman a cikin shekara ta 1820, sanannen masanin ilmin sunadarai da falaki na asalin Birtaniya, ya kira. Warren de la Rue, shi ne ya zo ya canza filament na carbon musanya shi da platinum, wanda aka haɗe da kusan sandunan lantarki guda 2 a cikin jikin gilashi.

Ko da yake wannan ƙirƙira ya zo aiki da kyau fiye da na al'amarin na Davy, babban farashin platinum shi ne ya sa kasuwa ta yi wahala. An ci gaba da tseren don ƙirƙira kwan fitila kuma a shekara ta 1835 wani mai suna James Bowman Lindsey Shi ne ya yi fitilar da za ta ba shi damar karanta littafi a nitse idan yana cikin dare.

Bayan duk waɗannan ci gaban kimiyya shine lokacin da aka kira babban masanin kimiyyar lissafi kuma masani na asali na Burtaniya Joseph Wilson swan, wanda a baya ga shekara ta 1850, ya yi aiki tare da wasu filaments na tungsten da takardan da aka caje a cikin kwan fitila.

Ta hanyar wannan aikin, a cikin 1860, ya sami damar samun takardar shaidar Lantarki na Hasken Haske, yana samun ƙoƙari don Birtaniya. duk daya Joseph Wilson swan Ganin cewa ba a san manyan halittunsa ba a duk faɗin duniya, ya fara haɗa ƙarfi da nasa Edison a lokacin shekara ta 1881 kuma duka biyu sun sami nasarar samun kamfanin Edison & Swan United Kudin hannun jari Electric Light Company Limited.

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Ita dai wannan kungiya an yaba da irin manyan gyare-gyaren da aka yi wa kwan fitilar, wanda ya samar mata da sabbin abubuwa, wanda hakan ya ba ta tsawon rai, a lokaci guda kuma, ta yadda za a iya samar da dimbin yawa.

Wanda ya zama manta shi ne Nikola Tesla. Babban injiniyan dan asalin kasar Serbia wanda ga mutane da dama da masana shi ne ainihin mutumen da ya kirkiri Hasken Haske domin godiyar basirar sa ya yi nasarar gano alternating current da aka fi sani da kimiyyar lissafi wato "AC", wanda shi ne ya haifar da The kwararan fitila za su sami ƙarin karko.

A cikin shekara ta 1884 ya fara aiki tare da manyan Edison, wanda ya kasance wanda ya yi takara da shi tun farko. Don haka ne ma ya kasance a kowane lokaci yana cikin inuwar wannan mashahurin wanda ya kirkiro asalin Amurka. Koyi duk game da Tarihin Katin Kiredit.

Etymology na Kalmar Bulb

Kalmar "Bombilla" wani nau'i ne na "Bomba" wanda a lokaci guda ya haifar da sautin "Pompa", kamar siffar sabulu, sunan da ya zo don ƙara rubutu a cikin darika. Semantics of abu ko wani abu mai siffar Globe ko Spherical. A cikin harshen Latin ana kiransa "Bombus", a cikin Hellenanci "Bombos", tare da ma'anar Buzzing, wanda yanayin ya kasance na karbuwar onomatopoeic.

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Asalin Hasken Haske

Kafin ku sani kuma ku fahimci komai game da Tarihin kwan fitila da asalinsa, abu na farko da yakamata ku koya shine game da Tarihin Lantarki. Wannan shi ne wanda ya zo daga Hellenic Lantarki, wanda idan aka fassara shi zuwa Mutanen Espanya yana da ma'ana  Amber wanda yana daya daga cikin abubuwan da ake amfani da su wajen samar da wannane.

Don faɗi gaskiya, babban masanin falsafa Thales na Miletus shine mutumin da ya kwatanta a cikin shekara ta 600 kafin. Kristi, babban ƙarfin lantarki da ke da wani nau'in resin burbushin burbushin da aka samu a gabar tekun Baltic, wannan ba wani abu ba ne face amber.

Hakazalika, al'ummar Hindu na da sun fuskanci cewa ta hanyar dumama wani lu'u-lu'u da suka samo, sun sami damar jawo duk wani toka mai zafi ga kansu.

Wutar lantarki ta ƙunshi wani nau'in makamashi mai girma da ban mamaki har ma da wadata wanda gram ɗaya na wannan abu zai iya fitar da ƙarfin makamashi mai yawa, zai iya sarrafa akalla 10 kwararan fitila masu haske 100 a cikin gida. su tsawon shekaru dubu 3.

Na'ura ta farko da ta yi nasarar samar da wani nau'i Wutar lantarki shi ne wanda aka halicce shi a karni na sha bakwai, ta wanda ya kirkiro Otto von Guericke ya kunshi abubuwa kamar haka:

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Wani nau'in duniya mai juyawa da aka yi da shi sulfur wanda akansa ne kowane mutum ya tallafo hannunsa don cimma wata irin shafa a cikinsa.

Mutum na farko da ya fara amfani da wannan gagarumin makamashi shi ne wani dan Italiya mai suna Alexander Volta An haife shi a shekara ta 1745, wanda shi da kansa Napoleon An ba da izini a cikin 1801 don yin ajin zanga-zangar kan babban halittar tari, wanda ake ɗaukarsa na Farko. Cigaban Tushen Wutar Lantarki na kowane tarihi kuma shine ainihin ɓangaren Tarihin Hasken Haske.

Kimanin shekaru 20 bayan haka, wani bature mai suna Michael Faraday An haife shi a shekara ta 1791, shi ne mutumin da zai fara aiki da injin lantarki na farko da zai yi aiki ta hanyar makamashin lantarki. Shi wannan ma’abocin kirkire-kirkire shi ne wanda ya yi dynamo ko kuma abin da ake kira da wutar lantarki, da kuma na’urar taranfomar da za ta iya gyara wutar lantarki a shekarar 1831.

A farkon karni na XNUMX, wani mutum dan asalin Scotland mai suna William Murdock An haife shi a shekara ta 1873, shi ne wanda ya haska gidansa da kuma masana'antar masaka ta hanyar irin wannan tsarin da ya kasance: wani sabon nau'in haske da mutum ya samar ta hanyar kimiyya.

Tarihin Bombilla a Spain

A cikin yankuna na España a shekarar 1881, wadda ita ce shekarar da ta kasance Thomas Dalmau, ya zo ya kafa a cikin yankunan na Barcelona wani aji na "Electricity Society", wanda aka sadaukar don haɓaka kwararan fitila ko fitilu masu haske.

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A cikin wannan shekarar, an sanya wasu manyan fitulun fitulu 15 a ko'ina cikin Columbus tafiya a cikin yankunan Barcelona, kuma an gudanar da gwajin wutar lantarki a karon farko tare da kwararan fitila a cikin hanyar Ƙofar Rana, dake cikin yankunan Madrid.

A cikin shekara ta 1873, a cikin yankunan Spain an riga an riga an kafa tashar wutar lantarki. A lokacin shekarar 1987 da Magnetic ball halitta da wani mutum daga Francia da ake kira jean fritsch Ita ce ta warware daya daga cikin matsalolin da suka wanzu a wancan lokacin, wato babu kwan fitila sai da ya kone.

Don wannan matsalar dole ne ka ƙirƙiri wani nau'in tsarin mount da dismount, mai suna a matsayin Tushen M - Lux, wanda shine wanda za'a iya sanya shi a cikin hular tare da taimakon hannu ɗaya kuma ba tare da murƙushe shi ba kamar na baya, amma an haɗa shi ta hanyar magnet. Irin wannan ra'ayi ya ba shi lambar yabo ta babban zauren manyan masu kirkiro na duniya a Geneva.

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Consideraciones finales

Ya zama ruwan dare ga mutane da yawa su gaskata cewa shi ne mai girma Thomas Alva Edison wanda ya kirkiri fitilun wutar lantarki, duk da haka, kamar yadda ya saba faruwa a lokuta da dama, abin da wannan mutumin ya samu shi ne ya samu takardar shaidar wani abin kirkire-kirkire da wani ya yi, amma ya inganta shi kuma fiye da haka. ya zo kasuwa da babban nasara.

Shirin da ke adana kalmomin shiga akan PC

Fitilar fitila ta farko ita ce wacce ta ƙirƙira ta Yusuf swan, wanda shi ne mutumin da ya sami damar wuce wutar lantarki ta hanyar filament da aka yi da takarda mai carbon wanda aka sanya a cikin kwan fitila.

Lokacin da halin yanzu ya wuce ta cikin filament, yana yin zafi sosai har ya fara haskakawa. Matsalar ita ce hasken ya ɗauki ɗan lokaci kaɗan, saboda da sauri ya ƙone. Domin gujewa hakan. Swan ya yi ƙoƙarin yin wani wuri a cikin kwan fitila tun yana tunanin cewa idan ba tare da iskar oxygen don ƙone filament ba ya kamata ya dade fiye da yadda aka saba. Koyi game da Mai Girma Ƙirƙirar Fasaha.

Don faɗi gaskiya, bai cika yin hakan ba. Ingancin injin da ya samu bai isa ba, duk da haka, a kowane hali, ya isa ya iya gabatar da kwararan fitila a gaban Newcastle Chemical Society, Inda ya sami damar samun takardar shaidar ƙirƙira kuma ta haka ya sami damar kafa kamfani don fara tallata hoton. Za mu iya cewa a matsayin wani ɓangare na Tarihin Hasken Haske, gidan Swan Ita ce farkon samun hasken lantarki.

Muna fatan wannan labarin ya taimaka muku sosai kuma kuna iya samun ƙarin sani game da tarihin Hasken Haske ko Hasken Haske.

Hakanan kuna iya sha'awar wannan abun ciki mai alaƙa: